The 2018 Farm Bill directed the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) to establish a national regulatory framework for hemp production in the U.S. The USDA established the U.S. Domestic Hemp Production Program through an interim final rule, which outlines provisions for the USDA to approve plans submitted by states and Indian tribes for the domestic production of hemp. It also establishes a federal plan for producers in states or territories of Indian tribes that do not have their own USDA-approved plan. The interim final rule applies to the production of hemp under the 2018 Farm Bill, not industrial hemp that was or is being cultivated under the 2014 Farm Bill programs.